Where as wine and gambling are explicitly prohibited in the Quran, no specific text gave guidance on Hashish ( Cannabis ), but as There is no disease from God that does not have some sort of treatment, the substance, whether or not a is prohibited in Islam, depends on intention !
The Green Prophet / Cannabis & Islam / Part I
The Green Prophet / Islamic World & Hashish Usage / Part II
Even if Cannabis use penetrated Muslim society, the exact patterns of use are difficult to determine with precision, as the only available evidence indicates that the great consumers of Hashish were the poor and laborers, as well as Sufis & Writers. For them #Hashish was cheap and easily available even in the corner of every Mosque, as "An ounce of hashish is more effective than pints of wine" !
KIF IN OLD KINGDOM OF MOROCCO
In Morocco, Hashish was called Kaif or Kif ( Pleasure ) and was used in the Religious Ceremonies of the Sunnis sect. So, after Egypt, Morocco was the North African country with the longest documented record of Cannabis use.
Cannabis was introduced into Morocco around the end of the 13th century and spread from there to the Iberian Peninsula. At that time the power of the kingdom of Morocco had reached its highest point, while the emergence of the use of Kif in Morocco ( Kif in the rif ) late in the 13th century coincided with the start of a long period of quiescence which was also observed throughout the Muslim world until the modern era.
Cannabis was the next main crop after cereals. However, more recent reports indicate that cultivation of the plant was not widespread throughout the kingdom but limited to certain areas in the north, near the capital of Fez, in the provinces of Hoha and Shedma.
MEDICAL USE OF CANNABIS
During 12th & 19th Centuries, Cannabis continued to be used for medical purposes. Muslim physicians found more medicinal uses for Cannabis than had been reported in the texts of Galen and Dioscorides.
- The physician al-Razi ( Rhazes ) (865-925) refers to using hemp leaves as a medicament for ear, and prescribes them for dandruff and for dissolving flatulence. He also describes their curative power in cases of epilepsy.
Rumphius, the German botanist (A.D. 1100), describes in his #Herb ( Herbarium ) the Muslim use of Cannabis to treat asthma, gonorrhea, constipation, and as an antidote for poisoning.
Other Muslim Physicians reported that #Hash ( Hashish) was used to stimulate the appetite and produced a craving for sweets.
A 17th century, pharmacopeia of al-Intaqui prescribes Cannabis for a large variety of somatic ailments and also mentions the euphoria and lethargy produced by it.
Smoke = Love + Peace