If you read The Green Prophet / Cannabis & Islam, then you know how Cannabis & Islam went hand in hand and were used to connect with God and that, The Extensive Spread Of #Cannabis use in Islam between the 12th & 19th Centuries was due to:
Holy Koran does not forbid the consumption of Cannabis, it forbid drinking alcohol.
Al-Khadir; The Initiator Of Sufis ( they have no human master ) make Cannabis attained such popularity in the Islamic world that it even had its own patron saint; Al-Khadir that figure in the Quran as a servant of God possessing great wisdom and mystic knowledge, while the meaning of the name is The Green One or The Green Prophet.
When you say the name of Al-Khadir in company you should always add the greeting Salam Aliekum ( Peace to you ) since he may be there, immortal and anonymous, engaged on some karmic errand. He can come as a white light or the gleam of a blade of #herb. The sign of his presence is the ability to work or experience with tireless enthusiasm beyond one's normal capacities.
ISLAMIC WORLD & HASHISH USAGE
In the Islamic world of the 14th century, the use of #hashish became even more prevalent and spread along the East Coast of Africa and to North Africa and Spain. The botanist Ibn Batuta, in his travels from Persia to East Africa, reported that Hashish was eaten by the people, sometimes even in the Mosques.
As the popularity of hashish increased, its widespread use was perceived as a threat to society by responsible political leaders. There had been little reaction from the authorities. The rulers became alarmed when the hashish began to affect all levels of society, including professionals and merchants, and they periodically attempted to suppress its use not so much for moral or religious reasons as to protect the state, while they were able temporarily to decrease hashish consumption, they were never able to suppress it altogether despite their absolute politicaland religious power.
In Egypt the first measures aimed at curtailing hashish use were taken by the governor of Cairo during the last years of the Ayyubid dynasty, that he ordered the destruction of all of the cannabis plants growing in the Kafur park, a favorite gathering place for drifters and other amateurs of hashish, as a poet of the time wrote, "The green plant which grows in the Garden of Kafur replaces in our hearts the effects of wine, old and generous".
The founder of the Mameluk dynasty in Egypt, King al-Zahir Babar (1266-1275), who had defeated the Mongol invaders at Goliath's Well in Syria, made the next attempt to ban the use of cannabis.
In 1324 the governor of Cairo confiscated and destroyed supplies of hashish and the Ayyubid Sultan Nizam-Ud-Din of Syria ordered cannabis plants uprooted andburned, and condemned hashish eaters to having their teeth extracted.
In 1394, Egyptian authorities in Cairo decreed a ban on hashish use and a destruction of the plants. Although these vigorous attempts to suppressing cannabis consumption were short-lived, they do indicate that the rulers felt its widespread use was damaging society.
Islamic society did not have to fear the potential harm that hashish was able by prolonged use to inflict upon individual users. Its most important problem, which called for action, was the cumulative effect produced by large numbers of addicts.
There were no other concerted government attempts at banning the drug after the 14th century. Not until the 19th century were repressive measures again tried. Hashish was widely used in the interval, under the Mameluk rule, which was marked by factionalism, revolts, and repression, when Cannabis was eaten openly and discussed candidly in the streets of Cairo, especially among the poor who claim the drug helps them escape their miserable condition.
In the early part of the 16th century the Mameluks were defeated by the Ottomans, Cannabis was considered to be "The Grass Of The Poor". When European traders introduced tobacco smoking to the Ottoman empire, Tobacco Was Often Smoked With Hashish In A Water Pipe by the common people because it is bought at a reasonable price.
A 17th century historian, Eulogio Efendi, reports that in Constantinople there were more than 1,000 beer shops and 104 wine distributors and 60 places where hashish was sold and smoked. The Arabs society was into a sort of pleasing inebriety, a state of reverie that inspires gaiety and at times agreeable dreams.
Smoke = Love + Peace