Cannabis & Islam went hand in hand / Both of them was used to connect with God
"Almighty God has bestowed upon you by a special favor the virtues of this plant, which will dissipate the shadows that cloud your souls and will brighten your spirits."
In Muslim tradition, Al-Khadir is widely known as the spiritual guide of Moses and Alexander the Great and in Sufi tradition, Al-Khadir ( The green prophet ) has come to be known as one of those who receive illumination direct from God without human mediation.
Cannabis attained such popularity in the Islamic world that it even had its own patron saint; Al-Khadir or "The Green One." He was depicted with the features of an old man, and the appearance of a fakir, dressed entirely in green, encountered in desert or solitary places by those who were travelling in search of God. He was considered the spiritual teacher of those “initiated by no teacher," or the voice of inspiration for those aspiring to achieve mystical merit.
Back To #History
During life time of the prophet Mohammed ( A.D. 570 - 632 ) the use of #Cannabis preparations
( known in the Middle East as hashish ) was unknown.
In A.D. 750, After the establishment of the splendid Abasside caliphate in Bagdad, noted for its universities, Arab scholars translated the Greek Texts of Dioscorides and Galen, and became familiar with the medicinal properties of Cannabis.
In the early 10th century;
- The physician Ibn Wahshiyah, warned of possible complications resulting from use of hashish, in his book, On Poisons, he claimed that the plant extract might cause death when mixed with other drugs.
The use of hashish in Islam, was first consumed by members of religious Persian and Iraqui sects located at the eastern periphery of the Islamic empire which bordered the central steppes where the plant had its origins.
There was little cultural opposition at first because the Holy Koran, which formulates in detail all of the rules of daily Muslim living, does not forbid explicitly the consumption of cannabis, although it proscribes the use of fermented beverages.
Around A.D.1000, the Fatima King al-Hakim issued an edict prohibiting the sale of alcohol throughout Syria and Egypt, but did not ban cannabis.
In the 11th century, a Turkish people, the Seljuk, captured Bagdad and assumed effective power, although they retained the Abassides as figure-heads. The use of hashish became popular in Islamic society and was frequently mentioned in its literature at the zenith of the power of the Seljuks, when they had made additional conquests and converts in the Middle East and at the same time fended off an invasion by the Crusaders.
In the 12th century, according to Arabic historians:
The religious leader Shaikh Haidar, a founder of the Haidari order of Sufis in Kharasan (northwest Iran and Afghanistan). While walking in the countryside in the midday heat, he discovered the divine properties of a plant that appeased hunger and thirst while giving joy. He have developed a special recipe for consuming the plant, and told his disciples, "Almighty God has bestowed upon you by a special favor the virtues of this plant, which will dissipate the shadows that cloud your souls and will brighten your spirits." Haidar, recommended that his followers conceal from the people the divine properties of this precious herb. But such secrets cannot be kept for centuries, and after his death his disciples extolled the wonderful qualities of the "magic" plant: "Abandon wine, take the cup of Haidar, this cup which has the fragrance of amber and sparkles like a green emerald."
Shayk Haydar, spent the last 10 years of his life surviving on nothing but cannabis. According to this mystical story, Haydar tried marijuana spurred by a religious epiphany - as he was ignorant of its effects - and liked it so much that he ingested almost nothing but cannabis henceforth.
#Hashish was used by the Sufis, a mystical branch of Islam that first appeared at the end of the eighth century. The Arabs of Sufism "wearers of wool" were dedicated to hours of fasting, prayer, and solitary meditation, stressed self-denial and shunned worldly pleasures.
Some of the Sufis did use hashish in their religious observances and spread its consumption throughout Islamic Society.
The Sufi sect clearly indicate an increase in cannabis use during the 12th century among religious sects located at the eastern periphery of the Arabic empire, and Al-Khadir has come to be The Green Prophet.
Smoke = Love + Peace