In about three weeks, Canada's legal cannabis market will open. In preparation for the event, the Ministry of National Defense publishes its official policy regarding soldiers and police
Next month (17.10) legalization in Canada will take effect after the bill was approved earlier this year.
In this way, Canada will become the second country in the world (the first Uruguay) to open a legal cannabis market for leisure and medical purposes and the first G7 country to do so.
The preparations of the enforcement forces and the Department of Defense are at their peak, and the Canadian Defense Department is now releasing the policy to be used by the military for cannabis use.
The rules that will apply in the Canadian army according to the new policy
Soldiers were forbidden to consume cannabis 8 hours before and during their duties.
If the performance of the job involves dealing with or using firearms, firefighting, medical team response or vehicle use, the restriction will be extended to 24 hours before the job is performed.
Those in sensitive roles, such as soldiers serving in aircraft or vessels, paratroopers, and so on, are not allowed to consume cannabis 28 days before performing their duties.
In addition to the restrictions on use, cannabis consumption is strictly prohibited while in operational service in Canada or abroad and during training periods.
There is no prohibition on the possession of marijuana on aircraft or military vessels in a sweeping manner.
In addition to the prohibitions and limitations in the policy, it is noted that commanders of corps such as the navy, the air force and the special forces will have the authority to impose additional restrictions as they see fit.
Lt. Gen. Chuck Lamar, who serves as the head of the Personnel Directorate and was one of the people involved in drafting the law, said that the army was focused on determining the "correct prohibitions" and that he believed the new laws would provide a balance that would respect the law While at the same time allowing Canadian forces to do their jobs.
"The policy document is very detailed in terms of when it is permitted and not to be used and who is not allowed to use," Lamar said, adding that in his opinion "it will not be harder to enforce the new cannabis policy compared to the current alcohol policy."
Disciplinary proceedings will be taken in case the rules are improved
Supervisors and commanders were instructed to identify someone who might be under influence while working. The signs to be noticed are glazed eyes and slow response times, among others. Disciplinary proceedings will be instituted against anyone who violates the rules.
"I think we can count on our soldiers to guard themselves, to correct themselves," Lamar said, adding that "it will be a very small number, I am sure of it, that will really break the rules ... Our soldiers are proud of what they do and they understand the importance and complexity of the roles That we ask them to do. "
According to the order, anyone who finds a "Cannabis disorder" and refuses medical treatment will receive a note in the medical file.
Tests blood, urine and saliva in certain positions
Canada's most senior military commander, General Jonathan Vance, said they would continue testing individuals "when appropriate" in certain professions, such as pilots, air crews, submarine crews, rescue and rescue technicians, divers and more.
The new policy gives the army the authority to require urine, blood and sputum samples in the event of an accident in which the soldier is suspected of being injured as a result of the use of substances, including cannabis.
Rory Fowler, a former lieutenant colonel (equivalent to a lieutenant colonel in the IDF) and a military lawyer in the private market in the present, said that "this seems to be a logical response by the Canadian forces to the legalization of marijuana."
And what about the police forces?
In contrast to the Canadian Army, for which a detailed Defense Department document on Cannabis consumption was drafted, the police will not make any significant changes and the policy will be similar to that of alcohol and prescription drugs.
For example, the Vancouver police will not have a specific time limit in which cannabis should not be consumed before fulfilling the job. According to Vancouver police spokesman Jason Dost, the human resources department will add information about cannabis to its collection to help police officers.
"We want to provide our police with the latest information so that they can make an informed decision regarding the use of cannabis and be eligible for the job, " Dost said .
Police throughout Canada will undergo a number of legalization studies that include, among other things, an explanation of the psychoactive effect of the plant and how it affects driving ability.
The RCMP (Royal Mounted Police of Canada) is also not planning to ban its officers from using cannabis, although the policy has not yet been formally decided.
"Once completed, the policy will provide guidelines for workers and those responsible for standards in the work on non-medical use of cannabis," said Sergeant Marie Damien, spokeswoman for the mounted police. "All RCMP officers must be qualified for their duties when they get to work, which includes not being under the influence of alcohol or any other substance."